Isnin, 20 Jun 2011

Key Points of 10th Malaysia Plan

Following are the key points of the 10th Malaysia Plan (2011-2015) released:


THRUST

  • Charting development for a high income nation
  • 6 pct growth target
  • Per capita income to increase to RM38,845 (US$12,139) by 2015
  • Creating private sector-led economy
  • Supporting innovation-led growth
  • Full employment
  • Restructuring of subsidies
 


ALLOCATION

  • RM230 billion: 60 pct physical development; 40 pct non-physical development
  • Sector allocation: economic 55 pct, social 30 pct, security 10 pct, general administration 5 pct
  • 10 big ideas:
     - Internally driven, externally aware
     - Leveraging on diversity internationally
     - Transforming to high-income through specialisation
     - Unleashing productivity-led growth and innovation
     - Nurturing, attracting and retaining top talent
     - Ensuring quality of opportunities and safeguarding the vulnerable
     - Concentrated growth, inclusive development
     - Supporting effective and smart partnerships
     - Valuing environment endowments
     - Government as a competitive corporation 
  • 12 National Key Economic Areas
     - Oil and gas
     - Palm oil and related-products
     - Financial services
     - Wholesale and retail
     - Tourism
     - Information and communications technology
     - Education
     - Electrical and electronic
     - Business services
     - Private healthcare
     - Agriculture
     - Greater Kuala Lumpur
    
 
ATTRACTING TALENT

  • Talent Corporation to be set under PM's Department in 2011 to source global top talent including among Malaysian diaspora
  • Simplify hiring of foreign talent
  • Flexibility for foreign talent to change jobs
  • Spouses of foreign talent to take up employment
  • Exemption for foreign talent to bring in foreign domestic help
  • No time limit on employment visa of skilled foreign talent earning more than RM8,000 per month
  • Open visas to be issued to high skilled foreign professionals
  • Highly skilled foreign professionals allowd to purchase houses costing RM250,000 and above
  • National Talent Blueprint by 2011 to identify talent needs of priority economic sectors
       

ENHANCING BUMIPUTERA ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION

  • 30 pct target Bumiputera corporate equity remains
  • Develop a Bumiputera commercial and industrial community
  • Create stronger and more competitive industry champions 
  • Broadening wealth ownership to ensure sustainability
  • Promoting Bumiputera representation in high-paying jobs through enhanced capability building and demand-side incentives

             
EMPLOYMENT

  • To grow at 2.4 pct yearly to create 1.4 million jobs mostly in services sector
  • Employment to reach 13.2 million jobs in 2015
  • Full employment status with unemployment rate of 3.1 pct in 2015 
  

RAISING EMPLOYABILITY

  • Standardised and recognition of Technical Education and Vocational Training (TEVT) by Malaysian Skills Certificate
  • RM150 million to train 20,000 school dropouts
  • RM7.5 million to train coaches, instructors and facilitators
  • Strengthening performance culture in universities
   

REFORMING LABOUR MARKET

  • More flexible labour market
  • Upgrade skills of existing workforce
  • Enhance Malaysia's ability to attract and retain top talent
  • RM80 million for Relief Fund for Loss of Employment from 2010 to 2012 to provide assistance to workers retrenched without compensation
  • Part-Time Work Regulations under Employment Act 1955 to be introduced to tap workforce from amongst housewives, retirees and disabled persons
  • Increase female labour force from 46 pct in 2010 to 55 pct in 2015
  • RM500 million each to provide loans to workers and school leavers for training and skills upgrading
  • RM50 million to continue the matching grants for training and skills upgrading of small and medium enterprise employees
  • RM50 million to fund apprenticeships involving more than 8,000 students
  • RM50 million to co-sponsor employees to obtain industrial PhDs
  • RM350 million allocated to continue programme of partial financial assistance for PhDs in local universities started in 2009


INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT GROWTH/PRODUCTIVITY


  • Broadband penetration of 75 pct by 2015
  • RM2.7 billion to build roads and rails leading to key ports and airports to improve trade efficiency and logistics systems
  • Energy security through development of alternative sources i.e. hydro, coal and liquified natural gas by 2015

  
INCLUSIVE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT


  • Elevate livelihoods of 40 pct of households
  • Ensure Bumiputera economic participation
  • Reduce poverty from 3.8 pct in 2009 to 2 pct in 2015 
  • Raise average monthly income of bottom 40 pct of households from RM1,440 in 2009 to RM2,300 in 2015
  • Increase percentage of SPM qualification and above in bottom 40 pct of households from 30 pct in 2009 to 45 pct in 2015
  • Education assistance for children from bottom 40 pct of households
     

SOCIAL SAFETY NET

  • Housing assistance for rural poor
  • Affordable housing and low-cost housing expanded for urban/semi-urban poor
  • Income support for eligible groups within 40 pct of households when subsidies are restructured
  • Income support for disabled old and single mothers
  • Encourage GLCs to tailor CSR programmes to target the needy
  • 1Malaysia clinics expanded to urban poor and other underserved areas

   

SPECIAL TARGET GROUPS

  • Halve poverty among Orang Asli communities in Peninsular Malaysia to 25 pct in 2015
  • Reduce poverty among Sabah ethnic minorities from 22.8 pct to 12 pct and Sarawak ethnic minorities from 6.4 pct to 3 pct
  • Financial assistance to Chinese new villages to renew land lease, upgrade homes and fund business
  • Improve access to basic amenities in estates and re-skilling programmes for displayed estate workers
     

BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE


  • 6,312 km of new roads in Peninsular Malaysia, 2,540km in Sabah and 2,819 km in Sarawak to benefit 3.3 million people nation-wide
  • Clean water to 99 pct rural huseholds in Peninsular Malaysia, 98 pct in Sabah and 95 pct in Sarawak 
  • Electricity for rural areas almost 100 pct in Peninsular Malaysia and 99 pct in Sabah and Sarawak 
  • At least one 1Malaysia telecentre in every sub-district (mukim) to promote broadband   
  

BUILDING A PROGRESSIVE AND MORE INCLUSIVE SOCIETY

  • Empowering women a key agenda by increasing numbers in decision making, labour force, support for widows, single mothers and low-income women
  • Eliminating all forms of discrimination against women
  • Youth development programmes to create generation of forward-looking, academic driven and career achievement generation
  • National Youth Skills Institute (IKBN) skills courses to be expanded to offer greater options and also soft skills and leadership training
  • Number of youth associations to increase from 5,000 to 11,500
  • Protection of children to be enhanced  through quality childcare services and enhanced rehabilitation centres and child welfare homes
  • Community awaresness programmes to protect children interest
  • Police screening for child carers to address issues of abuse
  • Alert system similar to U.S Amber Alert bulletin for lost/missing children
  • Emphasis on health and well-being of older persons to live dignified and fullfilling lives
  • 100 pct tax rebate on costs to retrain older persons to be continued
  • Database under Jobs Malaysia for older persons will be promoted to increase greater awareness for those looking for jobs
  • Day care centres for older persons to be expanded
  • Government to actively pursue 1 pct employment for persons with disabilities in civil service
  • Government to look into establishing specialised learning institutions and vocational schools for persons with disabilities
  

EDUCATION SYSTEM


  • Revamp education system to focus on implementation and delivery capability
  • Reinforce importance of values and ethics in education system
  • 181 Permata centres to be set up throughout country
  • Pre-school enrolment to be increased from 87 pct by 2012 and to 92 pct in 2015
  • Entry age for schooling to be lowered from 6+ to 5+ in line with many developed countries
  • RM400 million for Literacy and Numeracy Screening (LINUS) programme between 2010 to 2012 to ensure all students have basic literacy and numberacy skills after first three years of primary education
  • Strengthen learning of Bahasa Malaysia and English
  • Investments in school infrastructure and facilities especially for rural schools in Sabah and Sarawak
  • RM140 million to develop 100 high performing schools by 2012
  • RM160 million for reward programme between 2010 and 2012 for head teachers and principals
  • Leadership training for 14,000 school officials every year by Institute Aminiuddin Baki from current level of 8,000


VIBRANT LIVEABLE CITIES


  • Making quality of life core of urban projects
  • Planning communities and neighbourhoods
  • Development to encourage living, working and leisure within same compact areas
  • Focus on seamless public transport connectivity
  • Pedestrian-friendly street network
  • Open spaces and green corridors
  • Restoration of rivers and waterfronts a priority in cities Enhance culture and arts scene
  • Support for artists in form of creative grants/loans to create art enclave or perkampungan seni
  • Encourage the hosting of international arts and cultural events
  • Attract international talent to create, premiere, perform and exhibit in Kuala Lumpur
  • Malaysia Truly Asia Centre to be developed as an iconic tourism destination to showcase Malaysian culture, art and heritage  
  

RAKYAT-CENTRIC PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM


  • Continued efforts to integrate transportation planning in local and national master plans
  • Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system to be considered to link growth centres in the Iskandar region of Johor        
  • Government will review potential of expanding Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD) scope to Sabah and Sarawak pending successful implementation in Peninsula
  • Cashless ticketing system across all 16 public transport operators in Greater Kuala Lumpur
   

TRANSFORMING HEALTHCARE

  • Health Ministry to enforce quality care in both public and private sectors
  • Review of financing options to manage rising cost and ensure healthcare remains accessible and affordable
  • 197 new clinics costing RM637 million will be completed in first half of 10MP i.e. 156 clinics in rural areas and 41 community health clinic
  • 50 additional 1Malaysia clinics to be set up in urban poor and over underserved areas
  • Four new and four replacements hospitals costing RM600 million will be completed in first two years of 10MP. They include National Cancer Institute and the Cheras Rehabilitation Centre
  • Mapping of existing healthcare providers to identify gaps to streamline health service delivery
  • Mobile clinics, flying doctor services and village health promoters to be expanded to remote areas   
     

ACCESS TO QUALITY AND AFFORDABLE HOUSING

  • 161,00 new units of public housing
  • Housing designs to incorporate Green Building design and technology
  • 78,000 units low-cost public housing units for qualified individuals of less than RM2,500 per month
  • One federal agency responsible for federally-funded housing instead of several ministries and agencies
  • RM500 million to set up Housing Maintenance Fund to assist residents of both public and private low-cost houses for major repair and maintenance based on 50-50 matching grants from residents
  • Government to continue assistance to rehabilitate abandoned projects


SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

  • Federal government assumes full responsibility of solid waste management from local authorities
  • Collection of household solid waste to be privatise to three concessionaires with contract negotiations expected to be completed by end 2010
  • Other private operators to be licensed to operate solid waste management and public cleansing services
  • Waste collection for households twice a week and daily for wet markets Existing 112 unsanitary landfills to be closed and rehabilitated, some to be upgraded to sanitary landfills
  


SAFER STREETS AND SAFER COMMUNITIES


  • RM2.04 billion for programmes to encourage volunteerism to fight crime
  • Reduce crime index by 5 pct yearly 2015 to cut overall crime by a quarter
  • Increase volunteer police by 5,000 by 2015
  • RM2.4 billion to upgrade police stations, living quarters and improve career prospects to motivate police
  • Improve effectiveness of treatment of drug addicts to reduce crimes driven by drug abuse
  • RM120 million to support Skim Rondaan Sukarela under Rukun Tetangga
  • Expand Rakan Cop scheme for citizens to report crimes or suspicious behvaiour via SMS
  • RM150 million allocated for Safe Cities Programme

   
VALUING THE ENVIRONMENT

  • Renewable energy target of 98MW by 2015 to contribute 5.5 pct to total electricity generation
  • Phasing out incandescent light bulbs by 2014  to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 732,000 tonnes and reducing energy usage of 1,074 gigawatts a year
  • States encouraged to gazette forests especially water catchment areas
  • More trees to be planted with non-government organisations
  • Step up implementation of Clean Air Action Plan
  • Implement Central Forest Spine of 4.32 million hectares in Peninsular Malaysia and Heart of Borneo of 6 million hectares in Sabah and Sarawak
  • National Tiger Conservation Action Plan to be implemented to increase protection and increase tiger population
- Bernama

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